Laser & Optoelectronics Progress, Vol. 56, Issue 12, 120003 (2019)
Biological Effects of Light-Emitting Diode Light Sources and their Progress in Clinical Research
Hu Tiantian1,2, Wu Jinpeng3, Yin Huijuan3, Yang Qinlao2, and Wang Jun1,*
- 1 School of Medicine, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518071, China
- 2 Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518060, China
- 3 Laser Medicine Laboratory, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin 300192, China;
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are incoherent light sources with limited bandwidths, and the discovery of biological effects of LED light sources promotes its application in biomedicine. Based on the phenomenon that tissue penetration depths of lights with different wavelengths are different, this work introduces the target tissue specificity and biological effects of LED light sources at each band. This article also reviews the current application of these LED light sources in a clinical setting for the treatment of dominant diseases. Finally, the application of LED light sources in the biomedical field is prospected herein to help guide their clinical application together with instrument research and development.