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  • Received: Mar. 10, 2019

    Accepted: Jun. 21, 2019

    Posted: Aug. 26, 2019

    Published Online: Aug. 26, 2019

    The Author Email: Colin N. Danson (c.danson@imperial.ac.uk)

    DOI: 10.1017/hpl.2019.36

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    Colin N. Danson, Constantin Haefner, Jake Bromage, Thomas Butcher, Jean-Christophe F. Chanteloup, Enam A. Chowdhury, Almantas Galvanauskas, Leonida A. Gizzi, Joachim Hein, David I. Hillier, Nicholas W. Hopps, Yoshiaki Kato, Efim A. Khazanov, Ryosuke Kodama, Georg Korn, Ruxin Li, Yutong Li, Jens Limpert, Jingui Ma, Chang Hee Nam, David Neely, Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Rory R. Penman, Liejia Qian, Jorge J. Rocca, Andrey A. Shaykin, Craig W. Siders, Christopher Spindloe, Sándor Szatmári, Raoul M. G. M. Trines, Jianqiang Zhu, Ping Zhu, Jonathan D. Zuegel. Petawatt and exawatt class lasers worldwide[J]. High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 2019, 7(3): e54

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High Power Laser Science and Engineering, Vol. 7, Issue 3, e54 (2019)

Petawatt and exawatt class lasers worldwide 

Colin N. Danson1,2,3,†, Constantin Haefner4,5,6, Jake Bromage7, Thomas Butcher8, Jean-Christophe F. Chanteloup9, Enam A. Chowdhury10, Almantas Galvanauskas11, Leonida A. Gizzi12, Joachim Hein13, David I. Hillier1,3, Nicholas W. Hopps1,3, Yoshiaki Kato14, Efim A. Khazanov15, Ryosuke Kodama16, Georg Korn17, Ruxin Li18, Yutong Li19, Jens Limpert20,21,22, Jingui Ma23, Chang Hee Nam24, David Neely8,25, Dimitrios Papadopoulos9, Rory R. Penman1, Liejia Qian23, Jorge J. Rocca26, Andrey A. Shaykin15, Craig W. Siders4, Christopher Spindloe8, Sándor Szatmári27, Raoul M. G. M. Trines8, Jianqiang Zhu28, Ping Zhu28, and Jonathan D. Zuegel7

Author Affiliations

  • 1AWE, Aldermaston, Reading, UK
  • 2OxCHEDS, Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  • 3CIFS, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK
  • 4NIF & Photon Science Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, USA
  • 5Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology (ILT), Aachen, Germany
  • 6Chair for Laser Technology LLT, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
  • 7University of Rochester, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, USA
  • 8Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, UK
  • 9LULI, CNRS, CEA, Sorbonne Universités, École Polytechnique, Institut Polytechnique de Paris, Palaiseau, France
  • 10Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA
  • 11Centre for Ultrafast Optical Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
  • 12Intense Laser Irradiation Laboratory, Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (INO), CNR, Pisa, Italy
  • 13Institute of Optics and Quantum Electronics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena and Helmholtz Institute, Jena, Germany
  • 14The Graduate School for the Creation of New Photonics Industries, Nishiku, Hamamatsu, Japan
  • 15Institute of Applied Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
  • 16Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan
  • 17ELI-Beamlines, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
  • 18State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
  • 19National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
  • 20Institute for Applied Physics (IAP) at Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Jena, Germany
  • 21Helmholtz Institute Jena, Jena, Germany
  • 22Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering (IOF), Jena, Germany
  • 23Key Laboratory for Laser Plasma (Ministry of Education), School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
  • 24Centre for Relativistic Laser Science (CoReLS), Institute for Basic Science, Department of Physics and Photon Science, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju, South Korea
  • 25SUPA, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK
  • 26Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA
  • 27Department of Experimental Physics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
  • 28National Laboratory on High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China

Abstract

In the 2015 review paper ‘Petawatt Class Lasers Worldwide’ a comprehensive overview of the current status of high-power facilities of ${>}200~\text{TW}$ was presented. This was largely based on facility specifications, with some description of their uses, for instance in fundamental ultra-high-intensity interactions, secondary source generation, and inertial confinement fusion (ICF). With the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics being awarded to Professors Donna Strickland and Gerard Mourou for the development of the technique of chirped pulse amplification (CPA), which made these lasers possible, we celebrate by providing a comprehensive update of the current status of ultra-high-power lasers and demonstrate how the technology has developed. We are now in the era of multi-petawatt facilities coming online, with 100 PW lasers being proposed and even under construction. In addition to this there is a pull towards development of industrial and multi-disciplinary applications, which demands much higher repetition rates, delivering high-average powers with higher efficiencies and the use of alternative wavelengths: mid-IR facilities. So apart from a comprehensive update of the current global status, we want to look at what technologies are to be deployed to get to these new regimes, and some of the critical issues facing their development.

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