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  • Received: Aug. 16, 2007

    Accepted: --

    Posted: Nov. 14, 2007

    Published Online: Nov. 14, 2007

    The Author Email: Xiaosong Feng (


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    Yanbin Chen, Xiaosong Feng, Liqun Li. Numerical simulation of filler metal droplets spreading in laser brazing[J]. Chinese Optics Letters, 2007, 5(11): 654

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Chinese Optics Letters, Vol. 5, Issue 11, 654 (2007)

Numerical simulation of filler metal droplets spreading in laser brazing

Yanbin Chen, Xiaosong Feng*, and Liqun Li

Author Affiliations

  • State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001


A finite element model was constructed using a commercial software Fidap to analyze the Cu-base filler metal droplet spreading process in laser brazing, in which the temperature distribution, droplet geometry, and fluid flow velocity were calculated. Marangoni and buoyancy convection and gravity force were considered, and the effects of laser power and spot size on the spreading process were evaluated. Special attention was focused on the free surface of the droplet, which determines the profile of the brazing spot. The simulated results indicate that surface tension is the dominant flow driving force and laser spot size determines the droplet spreading domain.


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