Acta Physica Sinica, Vol. 68, Issue 19, 197801-1 (2019)
Fano resonances in symmetric gold nanorod trimers
Li Ai-Yun1, Zhang Xing-Fang1,2,*, Liu Feng-Shou1, Yan Xin1,2, and Liang Lan-Ju1,2
- 1School of Opt-Electronic Engineering, Zaozhuang University, Zaozhuang 277160, China
- 2Laboratory of Optoelectronic Information Processing and Display of Shandong, Zaozhuang 277160, China
A symmetrical gold nanorod trimer structure consisting of a short center nanorod and two long nanorods on both sides is proposed. The scattering spectra, electromagnetic field and current density vector distributions across the central cross section of the nanorod trimer are calculated by the finite difference time domain method, and the effects of structural parameters and dielectric environment on Fano resonance characteristics are theoretically investigated in detail. The results show that the Fano resonance can be generated mainly due to the interference between the bonding electric dipole mode in lower energy and the antibonding electric dipole mode or antiphase magnetic dipole mode in higher energy. The Fano dip is blue-shifted with the decrease in the short nanorod length, the size of whole trimer structure with constant displacement, or the refractive index of dielectric medium in the gaps between the central nanorod and two side nanorods; the resonance intensity on both sides of the Fano dip also changes. Meanwhile, the bonding mode on the red side of the Fano dip is gradually dominated by the electric dipole mode of two side nanorods, and the spectral intensity increases, while the antibonding mode on the blue side gradually evolves into the short nanorod-dominated antiphase magnetic dipole mode, and the spectral intensity becomes weaker. The increase in the inter-rod spacing also leads the Fano dip to be blue-shifted, and a similar change in the spectral intensity occurs on both sides of the Fano dip, due to the degeneration of bonding and antibonding modes caused by the decrease of near-field coupling between the short nanorod and two side nanorods, which finally degenerate into the electric dipole modes generated by the short nanorod or the two side nanorods, respectively. In addition, the Fano dip is insensitive to the change of the side nanorod length, but the relative resonance intensity on both sides of the Fano dip also changes. Furthermore, it is found that the spectral contrast ratio of the Fano resonance first increases and then decreases by varying the above-mentioned structural parameters or dielectric environment. These results are expected to be used for guiding the design of Fano controllable nanostructures and also for developing the applications of specific micro-nano photonics.
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