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  • Received: Jul. 27, 2020

    Accepted: Nov. 17, 2020

    Posted: Jan. 8, 2021

    Published Online: Jan. 8, 2021

    The Author Email: Mao Dong (, Zheng Yang (, Zeng Chao (, Lu Hua (, Wang Cong (, Zhang Han (, Zhang Wending (, Mei Ting (, Zhao Jianlin (

    DOI: 10.1117/1.AP.3.1.014002

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    Dong Mao, Yang Zheng, Chao Zeng, Hua Lu, Cong Wang, Han Zhang, Wending Zhang, Ting Mei, Jianlin Zhao. Generation of polarization and phase singular beams in fibers and fiber lasers[J]. Advanced Photonics, 2021, 3(1): 014002

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Advanced Photonics, Vol. 3, Issue 1, 014002 (2021)

Generation of polarization and phase singular beams in fibers and fiber lasers

Dong Mao1, Yang Zheng1, Chao Zeng1, Hua Lu1, Cong Wang2, Han Zhang2, Wending Zhang1,*, Ting Mei1, and Jianlin Zhao1

Author Affiliations

  • 1Northwestern Polytechnical University, School of Physical Science and Technology, MOE Key Laboratory of Material Physics and Chemistry Under Extraordinary Conditions, and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Optical Information Technology, Xi’an, China
  • 2Shenzhen University, Collaborative Innovation Centre for Optoelectronic Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, Shenzhen, China


Cylindrical vector beams and vortex beams, two types of typical singular optical beams characterized by axially symmetric polarization and helical phase front, possess the unique focusing property and the ability of carrying orbital angular momentum. We discuss the formation mechanisms of such singular beams in few-mode fibers under the vortex basis and show recent advances in generating techniques that are mainly based on long-period fiber gratings, mode-selective couplers, offset-spliced fibers, and tapered fibers. The performances of cylindrical vector beams and vortex beams generated in fibers and fiber lasers are summarized and compared to give a comprehensive understanding of singular beams and to promote their practical applications.


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