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  • Received: Jan. 21, 2020

    Accepted: Mar. 11, 2020

    Posted: Apr. 30, 2020

    Published Online: Apr. 23, 2020

    The Author Email: Lin Kang (, Tutunnikov Ilia (, Ma Junyang (, Qiang Junjie (, Zhou Lianrong (, Faucher Olivier (, Prior Yehiam (, Averbukh Ilya Sh. (, Wu Jian (

    DOI: 10.1117/1.AP.2.2.024002

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    Kang Lin, Ilia Tutunnikov, Junyang Ma, Junjie Qiang, Lianrong Zhou, Olivier Faucher, Yehiam Prior, Ilya Sh. Averbukh, Jian Wu. Spatiotemporal rotational dynamics of laser-driven molecules[J]. Advanced Photonics, 2020, 2(2): 024002

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Advanced Photonics, Vol. 2, Issue 2, 024002 (2020)

Spatiotemporal rotational dynamics of laser-driven molecules

Kang Lin1,†, Ilia Tutunnikov2, Junyang Ma1,3, Junjie Qiang1, Lianrong Zhou1, Olivier Faucher3,*, Yehiam Prior1,2,*, Ilya Sh. Averbukh2,*, and Jian Wu1,4,*

Author Affiliations

  • 1East China Normal University, State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, Shanghai, China
  • 2Weizmann Institute of Science, Department of Chemical and Biological Physics, Rehovot, Israel
  • 3Université de Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire CARNOT de Bourgogne, UMR 6303 CNRS, Dijon, France
  • 4Shanxi University, Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China


Molecular alignment and orientation by laser fields has attracted significant attention in recent years, mostly due to new capabilities to manipulate the molecular spatial arrangement. Molecules can now be efficiently prepared for ionization, structural imaging, orbital tomography, and more, enabling, for example, shooting of dynamic molecular movies. Furthermore, molecular alignment and orientation processes give rise to fundamental quantum and classical phenomena like quantum revivals, Anderson localization, and rotational echoes, just to mention a few. We review recent progress on the visualization, coherent control, and applications of the rich dynamics of molecular rotational wave packets driven by laser pulses of various intensities, durations, and polarizations. In particular, we focus on the molecular unidirectional rotation and its visualization, the orientation of chiral molecules, and the three-dimensional orientation of asymmetric-top molecules. Rotational echoes are discussed as an example of nontrivial dynamics and detection of prepared molecular states.


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