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  • Received: Feb. 23, 2020

    Accepted: May. 27, 2020

    Posted: Jul. 21, 2020

    Published Online: Jul. 24, 2020

    The Author Email: Lei Wang (

    DOI: 10.3788/COL202018.092403

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    Junyu Xiao, Ruiwen Xiao, Rongxuan Zhang, Zhixiong Shen, Wei Hu, Lei Wang, Yanqing Lu. Tunable terahertz absorber based on transparent and flexible metamaterial[J]. Chinese Optics Letters, 2020, 18(9): 092403

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Chinese Optics Letters, Vol. 18, Issue 9, 092403 (2020)

Tunable terahertz absorber based on transparent and flexible metamaterial

Junyu Xiao1, Ruiwen Xiao1, Rongxuan Zhang1, Zhixiong Shen2, Wei Hu2, Lei Wang1,2,*, and Yanqing Lu2

Author Affiliations

  • 1College of Electronic and Optical Engineering & College of Microelectronics, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210023, China
  • 2National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Key Laboratory of Intelligent Optical Sensing and Manipulation, and College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China


We demonstrate a tunable terahertz (THz) absorber based on an indium tin oxide (ITO) metamaterial. The upper ITO cross-shaped metasurface with different arm lengths is fabricated by direct femtosecond laser etching. The thickness of the middle dielectric layer is only 60 μm, which makes the absorber very transparent and flexible. The experimental results show that the THz resonant peaks have a high performance near 1 THz. By setting spacers of different thicknesses between the middle layer and the ITO mirror, a new type of tunable THz absorber is proposed. Its absorption peak frequency can be continuously adjusted from 0.92 to 1.04 THz between TE and TM polarization. This transparent THz metamaterial absorber is expected to be widely used in THz imaging, sensing, and biological detection.


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