Main > Chinese Optics Letters >  Volume 17 >  Issue 10 >  Page 100002 > Article
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  • Received: Jun. 29, 2019

    Accepted: Aug. 2, 2019

    Posted: Sep. 2, 2019

    Published Online: Sep. 2, 2019

    The Author Email: Fang Yang (fangyang@tsinghua.edu.cn)

    DOI: 10.3788/COL201917.100002

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    Xuan Huang, Fang Yang, Jian Song. Hybrid LD and LED-based underwater optical communication: state-of-the-art, opportunities, challenges, and trends [Invited][J]. Chinese Optics Letters, 2019, 17(10): 100002

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c(λ)=a(λ)+b(λ),(1)

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a(λ)=aw(λ)+aCDOM(λ)+aphy(λ)+adet(λ),(2)

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b(λ)=bw(λ)+bphy(λ)+bdet(λ),(3)

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Lc=ec(λ)L,(4)

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hc=Lc·hi,(5)

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f(u)=12u(2πσt2)exp[(lnu2μt)28σt2],(6)

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f(u)=2(AB)A+B2Γ(A)Γ(B)uA+B22γAB(2ABu),(7)

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f(u)=eu.(8)

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h=hc·ht.(9)

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ηSE=CW.(10)

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ηEE=CP,(11)

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ηEE=f(ηSE),(12)

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ηEEηSE=0.(13)

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Be,2=Be,1Be,2|1¯+(1Be,1)Be,2|1=Be,2|1+Be,1(Be,2|1¯Be,2|1),(14)

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Be,2=Be,2|1,(15)

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Be=N1log2M1Be,1+N2log2M2Be,2N1log2M1+N2log2M2,(16)

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minσ1,σ2Be,s.t.ILIHfh(w)dw1ε,PhP0,(17)

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{BeB,RtR,P1+P2P,(18)

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