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  • Received: Jun. 26, 2020

    Accepted: Aug. 21, 2020

    Posted: Sep. 29, 2020

    Published Online: Nov. 19, 2020

    The Author Email: Tao Li (

    DOI: 10.1364/PRJ.401168

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    Yangyang Liang, Tao Li, Wenchao Qiao, Tianli Feng, Shengzhi Zhao, Yuefeng Zhao, Yuzhi Song, Christian Kränkel. Mid-infrared Q-switch performance of ZrC[J]. Photonics Research, 2020, 8(12): 12001857

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Photonics Research, Vol. 8, Issue 12, 12001857 (2020)

Mid-infrared Q-switch performance of ZrC

Yangyang Liang1, Tao Li1,2,3,*, Wenchao Qiao2, Tianli Feng2,6, Shengzhi Zhao2, Yuefeng Zhao3,4, Yuzhi Song3,4, and Christian Kränkel5

Author Affiliations

  • 1China Key Laboratory of Laser & Infrared System (Shandong University), Ministry of Education, Qingdao 266237, China
  • 2School of Information Science and Engineering, and Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Laser Technology and Application, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237, China
  • 3Collaborative Innovation Center of Light Manipulations and Applications, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China
  • 4School of Physics and Electronics, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China
  • 5Leibniz-Institut für Kristallzüchtung, 12489 Berlin, Germany
  • 6e-mail:


Zirconium carbide (ZrC) with layered structure and nanoparticle morphology was prepared by sonication in an ethyl alcohol solvent. The morphology and saturable absorption properties of the ZrC were systematically analyzed. By using ZrC nanoparticle coated substrates as saturable absorbers, stable Q-switched 3 μm Er:Lu2O3 lasers were realized. Pulse durations of 50 ns with pulse energies of 20 μJ and peak power of 0.4 kW are the shortest obtained with novel-material-based Q-switched lasers in the 3 μm wavelength range.

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