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  • Received: Dec. 7, 2019

    Accepted: Mar. 10, 2020

    Posted: Jun. 9, 2020

    Published Online: Jun. 9, 2020

    The Author Email: Fabrizio Consoli (fabrizio.consoli@enea.it)

    DOI: 10.1017/hpl.2020.13

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    Fabrizio Consoli, Vladimir T. Tikhonchuk, Matthieu Bardon, Philip Bradford, David C. Carroll, Jakub Cikhardt, Mattia Cipriani, Robert J. Clarke, Thomas E. Cowan, Colin N. Danson, Riccardo De Angelis, Massimo De Marco, Jean-Luc Dubois, Bertrand Etchessahar, Alejandro Laso Garcia, David I. Hillier, Ales Honsa, Weiman Jiang, Viliam Kmetik, Josef Krása, Yutong Li, Frédéric Lubrano, Paul McKenna, Josefine Metzkes-Ng, Alexandre Poyé, Irene Prencipe, Piotr Ra̧czka, Roland A. Smith, Roman Vrana, Nigel C. Woolsey, Egle Zemaityte, Yihang Zhang, Zhe Zhang, Bernhard Zielbauer, David Neely. Laser produced electromagnetic pulses: generation, detection and mitigation[J]. High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 2020, 8(2): 02000e22

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High Power Laser Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, Issue 2, 02000e22 (2020)

Laser produced electromagnetic pulses: generation, detection and mitigation 

Fabrizio Consoli1,†, Vladimir T. Tikhonchuk2,3, Matthieu Bardon4, Philip Bradford5, David C. Carroll6, Jakub Cikhardt7,8, Mattia Cipriani1, Robert J. Clarke6, Thomas E. Cowan9, Colin N. Danson10,11,12, Riccardo De Angelis1, Massimo De Marco13, Jean-Luc Dubois2, Bertrand Etchessahar4, Alejandro Laso Garcia9, David I. Hillier10,12, Ales Honsa3, Weiman Jiang14, Viliam Kmetik3, Josef Krása15, Yutong Li14,16, Frédéric Lubrano4, Paul McKenna17, Josefine Metzkes-Ng9, Alexandre Poyé18, Irene Prencipe9, Piotr Ra̧czka19, Roland A. Smith20, Roman Vrana3, Nigel C. Woolsey5, Egle Zemaityte17, Yihang Zhang14,16, Zhe Zhang14, Bernhard Zielbauer21, and David Neely6,10,17

Author Affiliations

  • 1ENEA, Fusion and Technologies for Nuclear Safety Department, C.R. Frascati, 00044Frascati, Italy
  • 2CELIA, University of Bordeaux, CNRS, CEA, 33405Talence, France
  • 3ELI Beamlines, Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, 25241Dolní Břežany, Czech Republic
  • 4CEA, DAM, CESTA, 33116Le Barp, France
  • 5Department of Physics, York Plasma Institute, University of York, Heslington, YorkYO10 5DD, UK
  • 6Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, STFC, UKRI, Chilton, Didcot, OxfordshireOX11 0QX, UK
  • 7Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, 166 27 Prague 6, Czech Republic
  • 8Institute of Plasma Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Prague, Czech Republic
  • 9Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institut für Strahlenphysik, 01328Dresden, Germany
  • 10AWE plc, Aldermaston, Reading, BerkshireRG7 4PR, UK
  • 11OxCHEDS, Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, OxfordOX1 3PU, UK
  • 12CIFS, The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, LondonSW7 2AZ, UK
  • 13Centro de Laseres Pulsados (CLPU), 37185Villamayor, Salamanca, Spain
  • 14Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100190, China
  • 15Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 2, 182 21Prague, Czech Republic
  • 16School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100049, China
  • 17Department of Physics, Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), University of Strathclyde, GlasgowG4 0NG, UK
  • 18Laboratory PIIM, University Aix-Marseille-CNRS, 13397Marseille, France
  • 19Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 01-497Warsaw, Poland
  • 20The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, LondonSW7 2AZ, UK
  • 21PHELIX Group, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, D-64291Darmstadt, Germany

Abstract

This paper provides an up-to-date review of the problems related to the generation, detection and mitigation of strong electromagnetic pulses created in the interaction of high-power, high-energy laser pulses with different types of solid targets. It includes new experimental data obtained independently at several international laboratories. The mechanisms of electromagnetic field generation are analyzed and considered as a function of the intensity and the spectral range of emissions they produce. The major emphasis is put on the GHz frequency domain, which is the most damaging for electronics and may have important applications. The physics of electromagnetic emissions in other spectral domains, in particular THz and MHz, is also discussed. The theoretical models and numerical simulations are compared with the results of experimental measurements, with special attention to the methodology of measurements and complementary diagnostics. Understanding the underlying physical processes is the basis for developing techniques to mitigate the electromagnetic threat and to harness electromagnetic emissions, which may have promising applications.

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