Acta Optica Sinica, Vol. 40, Issue 18, 1828001 (2020)
Calibration Accuracy Evaluation of Visible and Near-Infrared Bands of FY-3B MERIS
He Xingwei, Han Qi*, Feng Xiaohu, and Kang Ning
- National Satellite Meteorological Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, 100081, China
FY-3B medium resolution imaging spectrometer (MERIS) cannot achieve the absolute calibration for the visible and near-infrared bands. To improve the MERIS absolute calibration accuracy, the six widely used north African desert pseudo-invariant targets are adopted herein, taking the advantage of the high-quality SeaWiFS data to construct the bidirectional reflectance distribution function(BRDF) model and then using the MODTRAN radiative transfer model and ERA-Interim absorption gas reanalysis data to construct the spectral band adjustment factor (SBAF). Lastly, five years of FY-3B MERIS data are used for the cross-calibration. The constructed BRDF model in this study can accurately express the top of atmosphere (TOA) reflectance (ρTOA) over the pseudo-invariant targets, and the prediction error is basically within 3%. The TOA reflectance of MERIS can be effectively predicted through the parameterized SBAF which considers the observation geometry and absorbed gas content. Cross-calibration results show that the time series are extremely stable and have no obvious trends, which are consistent with the characters of TOA reflectance over pseudo-invariant targets. Compared with the operational calibration results of MERIS L1, the cross-calibration results of bands 8--12 are lower and the bias is less than zero, whereas for bands 13--16, the results are higher and the bias is greater than zero. Except for band 8, the biases of the other eight bands are within -5%--5%. The monthly mean deviation of bands with a wavelength less than 600 nm are larger, particularly the three blue bands (bands 8--10). The monthly mean relative deviations of bands 13--16 are relatively stable, and they are basically within -5%--5%.
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