Photonics Research, Vol. 2, Issue 2, 02000075 (2014)
Integrated photonics in the 21st century
Lars Thylén1,2,3,* and Lech Wosinski1,2
- 1Laboratory of Photonics and Microwave Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-164 40 Kista, Sweden
- 2Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA
- 3Joint Research Center of Photonics of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) and Zhejiang University, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
We review the emergence and development of integrated photonics and its status today. The treatise is focused on information and communications technology (ICT) applications, but the technology is generically employable for a wealth of other applications, such as sensors. General properties of the waveguides that form the basis of integrated photonics are reviewed, and several examples of integrated photonics based on silicon and plasmonics are presented. The all-important development of integrated low-power nanophotonics is discussed and current challenges and prospects of the field are elucidated. The treatment is focused on the photonic fabric between source and detector.
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