Main > Chinese Optics Letters >  Volume 16 >  Issue 11 >  Page 110401 > Article
Chinese Optics Letters, Vol. 16, Issue 11, pp.110401 (2018)

Terahertz wave generation via pre-ionized air plasma

Kai Kang1, Liangliang Zhang1,*, Tong Wu2, Kai Li3, and Cunlin Zhang1

Author Affiliations

  • 1Key Laboratory of Terahertz Optoelectronics, Ministry of Education, Beijing Key Laboratory for Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, and Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Imaging Technology, Department of Physics, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
  • 2Beijing Key Laboratory for Precision Optoelectronic Measurement Instrument and Technology, School of Optics and Photonics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • 3Daheng New Epoch Technology Inc., Beijing 100085, China


We report the terahertz (THz) wave generation from a single-color scheme modulated by pre-ionized air plasma via an orthogonal pumping geometry. It is found that the amplitude of the THz signal generated by the pump beam tends to decrease gradually with the increase of the modulation power. We believe that the ponderomotive force plays an important role in the process of the interaction between the pump beam and the pre-ionization beam. The hydrostatic state of the electrostatic separation field caused by the modulation beam will directly affect the generation efficiency of the THz wave. Our results contribute to further understanding of the theoretical mechanism and expanding of the practical applications of THz wave generation and modulation.