Advanced Photonics, Vol. 2, Issue 2, 026002 (2020)
All-fiber ultrafast laser generating gigahertz-rate pulses based on a hybrid plasmonic microfiber resonator
Zi-xuan Ding1, Zi-nan Huang2, Ye Chen1, Cheng-bo Mou2,*, Yan-qing Lu1,*, and Fei Xu1,*
- 1Nanjing University, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nanjing, China
- 2Shanghai University, Key Laboratory of Specialty Fiber Optics and Optical Access Networks Shanghai, Shanghai, China
Ultrafast lasers generating high-repetition-rate ultrashort pulses through various mode-locking methods can benefit many important applications, including communications, materials processing, astronomical observation, etc. For decades, mode-locking based on dissipative four-wave-mixing (DFWM) has been fundamental in producing pulses with repetition rates on the order of gigahertz (GHz), where multiwavelength comb filters and long nonlinear components are elemental. Recently, this method has been improved using filter-driven DFWM, which exploits both the filtering and nonlinear features of silica microring resonators. However, the fabrication complexity and coupling loss between waveguides and fibers are problematic. We demonstrate a tens- to hundreds- of gigahertz-stable pulsed all-fiber laser based on a hybrid plasmonic microfiber knot resonator device. Unlike previously reported pulse generation mechanisms, the operation utilizes the nonlinear-polarization-rotation (NPR) effect introduced by the polarization-dependent feature of the device to increase intracavity power for boosting DFWM mode-locking, which we term NPR-stimulated DFWM. The easily fabricated versatile device acts as a polarizer, comb filter, and nonlinear component simultaneously, thereby introducing an application of microfiber resonator devices in ultrafast and nonlinear photonics. We believe that our work underpins a significant improvement in achieving practical low-cost ultrafast light sources.
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