Generation of arbitrary vector vortex beams on hybrid-order Poincaré sphere
Zhenxing Liu, Yuanyuan Liu, Yougang Ke, Yachao Liu, Weixing Shu, Hailu Luo*, and Shuangchun Wen
- Laboratory for Spin Photonics, School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
We propose theoretically and verify experimentally a method of combining a -plate and a spiral phase plate to generate arbitrary vector vortex beams on a hybrid-order Poincaré sphere. We demonstrate that a vector vortex beam can be decomposed into a vector beam and a vortex, whereby the generation can be realized by sequentially using a -plate and a spiral phase plate. The generated vector beam, vortex, and vector vortex beam are verified and show good agreement with the prediction. Another advantage that should be pointed out is that the spiral phase plate and -plate are both fabricated on silica substrates, suggesting the potential possibility to integrate the two structures on a single plate. Based on a compact method of transmissive-type transformation, our scheme may have potential applications in future integrated optical devices.