Main > Opto-Electronic Advances >  Volume 2 >  Issue 4 >  Page 180030 > Article
Opto-Electronic Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 4, pp.180030 (2019)

Revealing the plasmon coupling in gold nanochains directly from the near field

Quan Sun1,2,*, Han Yu1, Kosei Ueno1, Shuai Zu1, Yasutaka Matsuo1, and Hiroaki Misawa1

Author Affiliations

  • 1Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 001-0021, Japan
  • 2College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China


We studied the near-field properties of localized surface plasmon resonances in finite linear gold nanochains using photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM). The localization of the electromagnetic field in the near-field region was mapped at high spatial resolution. By tuning the excitation laser wavelength, we can obtain the near-field spectra, from which the energy splitting between longitudinal (L) and transverse (T) plasmon modes can be revealed. In particular, the L-mode red shifts and the T-mode blue shifts with increasing chain length. The red shift of the L-mode is highly dependent on the gap distance. In contrast, the T-mode almost remains constant within the range of gap distance we investigated. This energy splitting between the L-mode and the T-mode of metallic chains is in agreement with previous far-field measurements, where it was explained by dipole-dipole near-field coupling. Here, we provide direct proof of this near-field plasmon coupling in nanochains via the above-described near-field measurements using PEEM. In addition, we explore the energy transport along the gold nanochains under excitation at oblique illumination via PEEM measurements together with numerical simulations.