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  • Received: Dec. 2, 2019

    Accepted: Mar. 16, 2020

    Posted: May. 9, 2020

    Published Online: May. 9, 2020

    The Author Email: J. Benlliure (

    DOI: 10.1017/hpl.2020.15

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    L. Martín, J. Benlliure, D. Cortina-Gil, J. Peñas, C. Ruiz. Improved stability of a compact vacuum-free laser-plasma X-ray source[J]. High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 2020, 8(2): 02000e18

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High Power Laser Science and Engineering, Vol. 8, Issue 2, 02000e18 (2020)

Improved stability of a compact vacuum-free laser-plasma X-ray source

L. Martín1, J. Benlliure1,†, D. Cortina-Gil1, J. Peñas1, and C. Ruiz2

Author Affiliations

  • 1IGFAE, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
  • 2Instituto Universitario de Física Fundamental y Matemáticas y Dpto. de Didáctica de la Matemática y de las Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad de Salamanca, Patio de Escuelas s/n, Salamanca, Spain


We report the development of a stable high-average power X-ray source generated by the interaction of ultrashort laser pulses (35 fs, 1 mJ, 1 kHz) with a solid target in air. The achieved source stability, which is essential for the applications foreseen for these laser-driven plasma accelerators, is due to the combination of precise positioning of the target on focus and the development of a fast rotating target system able to ensure the refreshment of the material at every shot while minimizing positioning errors with respect to the focal spot. This vacuum-free laser-plasma X-ray source provides an average dose rate of 1.5 Sv/h at 30 cm and a repeatability better than 93% during more than 36 min of continuous operation per target.


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