Matter and Radiation at Extremes, Vol. 4, Issue 5, 055403 (2019)
Experimental study of residual activity induced in aluminum targets irradiated by high-energy heavy-ion beams: A comparison of experimental data and FLUKA simulations
Peter Katrík1,*, Dieter H. H. Hoffmann2,3, Edil Mustafin1, and Ivan Strašík1
- 1GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Planckstrasse 1, 64291 Darmstadt, Germany
- 2School of Science, Xi’An Jiaotong University, Xianning West Road 28, Xi’An 7100049, China
- 3National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
A number of heavy-ion accelerators are either under construction (e.g., the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Darmstadt and the High Intensity Accelerator Facility in China) or already in operation at many places worldwide. For these accelerators, activation of construction components due to beam loss, even during routine machine operation, is a serious issue, especially with the upcoming high-intensity facilities. Aluminum is one of the most commonly used construction materials in beam lines, collimators, and other components. Therefore, we report here on activation experiments on aluminum samples to verify and benchmark simulation codes. The analysis was performed by gamma spectroscopy of the irradiated targets. Our results on the induced activity measured in samples irradiated by uranium beams at 125 MeV/u and 200 MeV/u and a xenon beam at 300 MeV/u show activation levels significantly lower than those predicted by FLUKA simulations.