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Optics Classification and Indexing Scheme (OCIS)

  • optical
  • Apr. 19, 2019
  • Main Categories

  • 000.0000  General
  • 010.0010   Atmospheric and oceanic optics
  • 020.0020   Atomic and molecular physics
  • 030.0030   Coherence and statistical optics
  • 040.0040   Detectors
  • 050.0050   Diffraction and gratings
  • 060.0060   Fiber optics and optical communications
  • 070.0070   Fourier optics and signal processing
  • 080.0080   Geometric optics
  • 090.0090   Holography
  • 100.0100   Image processing
  • 110.0110   Imaging systems
  • 120.0120   Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
  • 130.0130   Integrated optics
  • 140.0140   Lasers and laser optics
  • 150.0150   Machine vision
  • 160.0160   Materials
  • 170.0170   Medical optics and biotechnology
  • 180.0180   Microscopy
  • 190.0190   Nonlinear optics
  • 200.0200   Optics in computing
  • 210.0210   Optical data storage
  • 220.0220   Optical design and fabrication
  • 230.0230   Optical devices
  • 240.0240   Optics at surfaces
  • 250.0250   Optoelectronics
  • 260.0260   Physical optics
  • 270.0270   Quantum optics
  • 280.0280   Remote sensing and sensors
  • 290.0290   Scattering
  • 300.0300   Spectroscopy
  • 310.0310   Thin films
  • 320.0320   Ultrafast optics
  • 330.0330   Vision, color, and visual optics
  • 340.0340   X-ray optics
  • 350.0350   Other areas of optics
  •  
  • Complete Listing

  • 000.0000   General 
  • 000.1200   Announcements, awards, news, and organizational activities
  • 000.1410   Biography
  • 000.1430   Biology and medicine
  • 000.1570   Chemistry
  • 000.1600   Classical and quantum physics
  • 000.1780   Conferences, lectures, and institutes
  • 000.2060   Education
  • 000.2170   Equipment and techniques
  • 000.2190   Experimental physics
  • 000.2658   Fundamental tests
  • 000.2690   General physics
  • 000.2700   General science
  • 000.2780   Gravity
  • 000.2850   History and philosophy
  • 000.3110   Instruments, apparatus, and components common to the sciences
  • 000.3860   Mathematical methods in physics
  • 000.3870   Mathematics
  • 000.4430   Numerical approximation and analysis
  • 000.4895   OSA history
  • 000.4920   Other life sciences
  • 000.4930   Other topics of general interest
  • 000.5360   Physics literature and publications
  • 000.5490   Probability theory, stochastic processes, and statistics
  • 000.5920   Science and society
  • 000.6590   Statistical mechanics
  • 000.6800   Theoretical physics
  • 000.6850   Thermodynamics
  •  
  • 010.0010   Atmospheric and oceanic optics 
  • 010.0280   Remote sensing and sensors
  • 010.1030   Absorption
  • 010.1080   Active or adaptive optics
  • 010.1100   Aerosol detection
  • 010.1110   Aerosols
  • 010.1120   Air pollution monitoring
  • 010.1280   Atmospheric composition
  • 010.1285   Atmospheric correction
  • 010.1290   Atmospheric optics
  • 010.1300   Atmospheric propagation
  • 010.1310   Atmospheric scattering
  • 010.1320   Atmospheric transmittance
  • 010.1330   Atmospheric turbulence
  • 010.1350   Backscattering
  • 010.1615   Clouds
  • 010.1690   Color
  • 010.2940   Ice crystal phenomena
  • 010.3310   Laser beam transmission
  • 010.3640   Lidar
  • 010.3920   Meteorology
  • 010.4030   Mirages and refraction
  • 010.4450   Oceanic optics
  • 010.4455   Oceanic propagation
  • 010.4458   Oceanic scattering
  • 010.4950   Ozone
  • 010.5620   Radiative transfer
  • 010.5630   Radiometry
  • 010.7030   Troposphere
  • 010.7060   Turbulence
  • 010.7295   Visibility and imaging
  • 010.7340   Water
  • 010.7350   Wave-front sensing
  •  
  • 020.0020   Atomic and molecular physics 
  • 020.1335   Atom optics
  • 020.1475   Bose-Einstein condensates
  • 020.1670   Coherent optical effects
  • 020.2070   Effects of collisions
  • 020.2649   Strong field laser physics
  • 020.2930   Hyperfine structure
  • 020.3260   Isotope shifts
  • 020.3320   Laser cooling
  • 020.3690   Line shapes and shifts
  • 020.4180   Multiphoton processes
  • 020.4900   Oscillator strengths
  • 020.5580   Quantum electrodynamics
  • 020.5780   Rydberg states
  • 020.6580   Stark effect
  • 020.7010   Laser trapping
  • 020.7490   Zeeman effect
  •  
  • 030.0030   Coherence and statistical optics 
  • 030.1640   Coherence
  • 030.1670   Coherent optical effects
  • 030.4070   Modes
  • 030.4280   Noise in imaging systems
  • 030.5260   Photon counting
  • 030.5290   Photon statistics
  • 030.5620   Radiative transfer
  • 030.5630   Radiometry
  • 030.5770   Roughness
  • 030.6140   Speckle
  • 030.6600   Statistical optics
  • 030.6610   Stellar speckle interferometry
  • 030.7060   Turbulence
  •  
  • 040.0040   Detectors 
  • 040.1240   Arrays
  • 040.1345   Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)
  • 040.1490   Cameras
  • 040.1520   CCD, charge-coupled device
  • 040.1880   Detection
  • 040.2235   Far infrared or terahertz
  • 040.2480   FLIR, forward-looking infrared
  • 040.2840   Heterodyne
  • 040.3060   Infrared
  • 040.3780   Low light level
  • 040.4200   Multiple quantum well
  • 040.5150   Photoconductivity
  • 040.5160   Photodetectors
  • 040.5190   Photographic film
  • 040.5250   Photomultipliers
  • 040.5350   Photovoltaic
  • 040.5570   Quantum detectors
  • 040.6040   Silicon
  • 040.6070   Solid state detectors
  • 040.6808   Thermal (uncooled) IR detectors, arrays and imaging
  • 040.7190   Ultraviolet
  • 040.7290   Video
  • 040.7480   X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV)
  •  
  • 050.0050   Diffraction and gratings 
  • 050.1220   Apertures
  • 050.1380   Binary optics
  • 050.1590   Chirping
  • 050.1755   Computational electromagnetic methods
  • 050.1930   Dichroism
  • 050.1940   Diffraction
  • 050.1950   Diffraction gratings
  • 050.1960   Diffraction theory
  • 050.1965   Diffractive lenses
  • 050.1970   Diffractive optics
  • 050.2065   Effective medium theory
  • 050.2230   Fabry-Perot
  • 050.2555   Form birefringence
  • 050.2770   Gratings
  • 050.4865   Optical vortices
  • 050.5080   Phase shift
  • 050.5082   Phase space in wave optics
  • 050.5298   Photonic crystals
  • 050.5745   Resonance domain
  • 050.6624   Subwavelength structures
  • 050.6875   Three-dimensional fabrication
  • 050.7330   Volume gratings
  •  
  • 060.0060   Fiber optics and optical communications 
  • 060.1155   All-optical networks
  • 060.1660   Coherent communications
  • 060.1810   Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
  • 060.2270   Fiber characterization
  • 060.2280   Fiber design and fabrication
  • 060.2290   Fiber materials
  • 060.2300   Fiber measurements
  • 060.2310   Fiber optics
  • 060.2320   Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
  • 060.2330   Fiber optics communications
  • 060.2340   Fiber optics components
  • 060.2350   Fiber optics imaging
  • 060.2360   Fiber optics links and subsystems
  • 060.2370   Fiber optics sensors
  • 060.2380   Fiber optics sources and detectors
  • 060.2390   Fiber optics, infrared
  • 060.2400   Fiber properties
  • 060.2410   Fibers, erbium
  • 060.2420   Fibers, polarization-maintaining
  • 060.2430   Fibers, single-mode
  • 060.2605   Free-space optical communication
  • 060.2630   Frequency modulation
  • 060.2800   Gyroscopes
  • 060.2840   Heterodyne
  • 060.2920   Homodyning
  • 060.3510   Lasers, fiber
  • 060.3735   Fiber Bragg gratings
  • 060.3738   Fiber Bragg gratings, photosensitivity
  • 060.4005   Microstructured fibers
  • 060.4080   Modulation
  • 060.4230   Multiplexing
  • 060.4250   Networks
  • 060.4251   Networks, assignment and routing algorithms
  • 060.4252   Networks, broadcast
  • 060.4253   Networks, circuit-switched
  • 060.4254   Networks, combinatorial network design
  • 060.4255   Networks, multicast
  • 060.4256   Networks, network optimization
  • 060.4257   Networks, network survivability
  • 060.4258   Networks, network topology
  • 060.4259   Networks, packet-switched
  • 060.4261   Networks, protection and restoration
  • 060.4262   Networks, ring
  • 060.4263   Networks, star
  • 060.4264   Networks, wavelength assignment
  • 060.4265   Networks, wavelength routing
  • 060.4370   Nonlinear optics, fibers
  • 060.4510   Optical communications
  • 060.4785   Optical security and encryption
  • 060.5060   Phase modulation
  • 060.5295   Photonic crystal fibers
  • 060.5530   Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
  • 060.5565   Quantum communications
  • 060.5625   Radio frequency photonics
  • 060.6718   Switching, circuit
  • 060.6719   Switching, packet
  • 060.7140   Ultrafast processes in fibers
  •  
  • 070.0070   Fourier optics and signal processing 
  • 070.1060   Acousto-optical signal processing
  • 070.1170   Analog optical signal processing
  • 070.1675   Coherent states (in wave optics)
  • 070.2025   Discrete optical signal processing
  • 070.2465   Finite analogs of Fourier transforms
  • 070.2575   Fractional Fourier transforms
  • 070.2580   Paraxial wave optics
  • 070.2590   ABCD transforms
  • 070.2615   Frequency filtering
  • 070.3185   Invariant optical fields
  • 070.4340   Nonlinear optical signal processing
  • 070.4550   Correlators
  • 070.4560   Data processing by optical means
  • 070.4690   Morphological transformations
  • 070.4790   Spectrum analysis
  • 070.5010   Pattern recognition
  • 070.5040   Phase conjugation
  • 070.5753   Resonators
  • 070.6020   Continuous optical signal processing
  • 070.6110   Spatial filtering
  • 070.6120   Spatial light modulators
  • 070.6760   Talbot and self-imaging effects
  • 070.7145   Ultrafast processing
  • 070.7345   Wave propagation
  • 070.7425   Quasi-probability distribution functions
  •  
  • 080.0080   Geometric optics 
  • 080.1005   Aberration expansions
  • 080.1010   Aberrations (global)
  • 080.1235   Apparent images
  • 080.1238   Array waveguide devices
  • 080.1510   Propagation methods
  • 080.1665   Coherent design
  • 080.1753   Computation methods
  • 080.2175   Etendue
  • 080.2203   Fabrication, electroforming
  • 080.2205   Fabrication, injection molding
  • 080.2208   Fabrication, tolerancing
  • 080.2468   First-order optics
  • 080.2575   Fractional Fourier transforms
  • 080.2710   Inhomogeneous optical media
  • 080.2720   Mathematical methods (general)
  • 080.2730   Matrix methods in paraxial optics
  • 080.2740   Geometric optical design
  • 080.3095   Inhomogeneous elements in optical systems
  • 080.3620   Lens system design
  • 080.3630   Lenses
  • 080.3645   Lie algebraic and group methods
  • 080.3685   Lightpipes
  • 080.3875   Matrix methods in metaxial expansions
  • 080.4035   Mirror system design
  • 080.4225   Nonspherical lens design
  • 080.4228   Nonspherical mirror surfaces
  • 080.4295   Nonimaging optical systems
  • 080.4298   Nonimaging optics
  • 080.4865   Optical vortices
  • 080.5084   Phase space methods of analysis
  • 080.5692   Ray trajectories in inhomogeneous media
  • 080.6755   Systems with special symmetry
  • 080.7343   Wave dressing of rays
  •  
  • 090.0090   Holography 
  • 090.1000   Aberration compensation
  • 090.1705   Color holography
  • 090.1760   Computer holography
  • 090.1970   Diffractive optics
  • 090.1995   Digital holography
  • 090.2645   Stratified volume holograms
  • 090.2820   Heads-up displays
  • 090.2870   Holographic display
  • 090.2880   Holographic interferometry
  • 090.2890   Holographic optical elements
  • 090.2900   Optical storage materials
  • 090.2910   Holography, microwave
  • 090.4220   Multiplex holography
  • 090.5640   Rainbow holography
  • 090.5694   Real-time holography
  • 090.6186   Spectral holography
  • 090.7330   Volume gratings
  •  
  • 100.0100   Image processing 
  • 100.0118   Imaging ultrafast phenomena
  • 100.1160   Analog optical image processing
  • 100.1390   Binary phase-only filters
  • 100.1455   Blind deconvolution
  • 100.1830   Deconvolution
  • 100.1930   Dichroism
  • 100.2000   Digital image processing
  • 100.2550   Focal-plane-array image processors
  • 100.2650   Fringe analysis
  • 100.2810   Halftone image reproduction
  • 100.2960   Image analysis
  • 100.2980   Image enhancement
  • 100.3005   Image recognition devices
  • 100.3008   Image recognition, algorithms and filters
  • 100.3010   Image reconstruction techniques
  • 100.3020   Image reconstruction-restoration
  • 100.3175   Interferometric imaging
  • 100.3190   Inverse problems
  • 100.3200   Inverse scattering
  • 100.4145   Motion, hyperspectral image processing
  • 100.4550   Correlators
  • 100.4992   Pattern, nonlinear correlators
  • 100.4993   Pattern recognition, Baysian processors
  • 100.4994   Pattern recognition, image transforms
  • 100.4995   Pattern recognition, metrics
  • 100.4996   Pattern recognition, neural networks
  • 100.4997   Pattern recognition, nonlinear spatial filters
  • 100.4998   Pattern recognition, optical security and encryption
  • 100.4999   Pattern recognition, target tracking
  • 100.5010   Pattern recognition
  • 100.5070   Phase retrieval
  • 100.5088   Phase unwrapping
  • 100.5090   Phase-only filters
  • 100.5760   Rotation-invariant pattern recognition
  • 100.6640   Superresolution
  • 100.6740   Synthetic discrimination functions
  • 100.6890   Three-dimensional image processing
  • 100.6950   Tomographic image processing
  • 100.7410   Wavelets
  •  
  • 110.0110   Imaging systems 
  • 110.0113   Imaging through turbid media
  • 110.0115   Imaging through turbulent media
  • 110.0180   Microscopy
  • 110.1080   Active or adaptive optics
  • 110.1085   Adaptive imaging
  • 110.1220   Apertures
  • 110.1455   Blind deconvolution
  • 110.1650   Coherence imaging
  • 110.1758   Computational imaging
  • 110.2350   Fiber optics imaging
  • 110.2650   Fringe analysis
  • 110.2760   Gradient-index lenses
  • 110.2945   Illumination design
  • 110.2960   Image analysis
  • 110.2970   Image detection systems
  • 110.2990   Image formation theory
  • 110.3000   Image quality assessment
  • 110.3010   Image reconstruction techniques
  • 110.3055   Information theoretical analysis
  • 110.3080   Infrared imaging
  • 110.3175   Interferometric imaging
  • 110.3200   Inverse scattering
  • 110.3925   Metrics
  • 110.3960   Microlithography
  • 110.4100   Modulation transfer function
  • 110.4153   Motion estimation and optical flow
  • 110.4155   Multiframe image processing
  • 110.4190   Multiple imaging
  • 110.4234   Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging
  • 110.4235   Nanolithography
  • 110.4248   Networked imaging
  • 110.4280   Noise in imaging systems
  • 110.4500   Optical coherence tomography
  • 110.4850   Optical transfer functions
  • 110.4980   Partial coherence in imaging
  • 110.5086   Phase unwrapping
  • 110.5100   Phased-array imaging systems
  • 110.5120   Photoacoustic imaging
  • 110.5125   Photoacoustics
  • 110.5200   Photography
  • 110.5220   Photolithography
  • 110.5405   Polarimetric imaging
  • 110.6150   Speckle imaging
  • 110.6760   Talbot and self-imaging effects
  • 110.6770   Telescopes
  • 110.6795   Terahertz imaging
  • 110.6820   Thermal imaging
  • 110.6880   Three-dimensional image acquisition
  • 110.6895   Three-dimensional lithography
  • 110.6915   Time imaging
  • 110.6955   Tomographic imaging
  • 110.6960   Tomography
  • 110.6980   Transforms
  • 110.7050   Turbid media
  • 110.7170   Ultrasound
  • 110.7348   Wavefront encoding
  • 110.7410   Wavelets
  • 110.7440   X-ray imaging
  •  
  • 120.0120   Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology 
  • 120.0280   Remote sensing and sensors
  • 120.1088   Adaptive interferometry
  • 120.1680   Collimation
  • 120.1740   Combustion diagnostics
  • 120.1840   Densitometers, reflectometers
  • 120.1880   Detection
  • 120.2040   Displays
  • 120.2130   Ellipsometry and polarimetry
  • 120.2230   Fabry-Perot
  • 120.2440   Filters
  • 120.2650   Fringe analysis
  • 120.2820   Heads-up displays
  • 120.2830   Height measurements
  • 120.2880   Holographic interferometry
  • 120.2920   Homodyning
  • 120.3150   Integrating spheres
  • 120.3180   Interferometry
  • 120.3620   Lens system design
  • 120.3688   Lightwave analyzers
  • 120.3890   Medical optics instrumentation
  • 120.3930   Metrological instrumentation
  • 120.3940   Metrology
  • 120.4120   Moire' techniques
  • 120.4140   Monochromators
  • 120.4290   Nondestructive testing
  • 120.4530   Optical constants
  • 120.4570   Optical design of instruments
  • 120.4610   Optical fabrication
  • 120.4630   Optical inspection
  • 120.4640   Optical instruments
  • 120.4800   Optical standards and testing
  • 120.4820   Optical systems
  • 120.4825   Optical time domain reflectometry
  • 120.4880   Optomechanics
  • 120.5050   Phase measurement
  • 120.5060   Phase modulation
  • 120.5240   Photometry
  • 120.5410   Polarimetry
  • 120.5475   Pressure measurement
  • 120.5630   Radiometry
  • 120.5700   Reflection
  • 120.5710   Refraction
  • 120.5790   Sagnac effect
  • 120.5800   Scanners
  • 120.5820   Scattering measurements
  • 120.6085   Space instrumentation
  • 120.6150   Speckle imaging
  • 120.6160   Speckle interferometry
  • 120.6165   Speckle interferometry, metrology
  • 120.6168   Speckle interferometry, stellar
  • 120.6200   Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
  • 120.6650   Surface measurements, figure
  • 120.6660   Surface measurements, roughness
  • 120.6710   Susceptibility
  • 120.6780   Temperature
  • 120.6810   Thermal effects
  • 120.7000   Transmission
  • 120.7250   Velocimetry
  • 120.7280   Vibration analysis
  •  
  • 130.0130   Integrated optics 
  • 130.0250   Optoelectronics
  • 130.1750   Components
  • 130.2035   Dispersion compensation devices
  • 130.2260   Ferroelectrics
  • 130.2755   Glass waveguides
  • 130.2790   Guided waves
  • 130.3060   Infrared
  • 130.3120   Integrated optics devices
  • 130.3130   Integrated optics materials
  • 130.3730   Lithium niobate
  • 130.3750   Optical logic devices
  • 130.3990   Micro-optical devices
  • 130.4110   Modulators
  • 130.4310   Nonlinear
  • 130.4815   Optical switching devices
  • 130.5296   Photonic crystal waveguides
  • 130.5440   Polarization-selective devices
  • 130.5460   Polymer waveguides
  • 130.5990   Semiconductors
  • 130.6010   Sensors
  • 130.6622   Subsystem integration and techniques
  • 130.6750   Systems
  • 130.7405   Wavelength conversion devices
  • 130.7408   Wavelength filtering devices
  •  
  • 140.0140   Lasers and laser optics 
  • 140.1340   Atomic gas lasers
  • 140.1540   Chaos
  • 140.1550   Chemical lasers
  • 140.1700   Color center lasers
  • 140.2010   Diode laser arrays
  • 140.2020   Diode lasers
  • 140.2050   Dye lasers
  • 140.2180   Excimer lasers
  • 140.2600   Free-electron lasers (FELs)
  • 140.3070   Infrared and far-infrared lasers
  • 140.3210   Ion lasers
  • 140.3280   Laser amplifiers
  • 140.3290   Laser arrays
  • 140.3295   Laser beam characterization
  • 140.3298   Laser beam combining
  • 140.3300   Laser beam shaping
  • 140.3320   Laser cooling
  • 140.3325   Laser coupling
  • 140.3330   Laser damage
  • 140.3360   Laser safety and eye protection
  • 140.3370   Laser gyroscopes
  • 140.3380   Laser materials
  • 140.3390   Laser materials processing
  • 140.3410   Laser resonators
  • 140.3425   Laser stabilization
  • 140.3430   Laser theory
  • 140.3440   Laser-induced breakdown
  • 140.3450   Laser-induced chemistry
  • 140.3460   Lasers
  • 140.3470   Lasers, carbon dioxide
  • 140.3480   Lasers, diode-pumped
  • 140.3490   Lasers, distributed-feedback
  • 140.3500   Lasers, erbium
  • 140.3510   Lasers, fiber
  • 140.3515   Lasers, frequency doubled
  • 140.3518   Lasers, frequency modulated
  • 140.3520   Lasers, injection-locked
  • 140.3530   Lasers, neodymium
  • 140.3535   Lasers, phase conjugate
  • 140.3538   Lasers, pulsed
  • 140.3540   Lasers, Q-switched
  • 140.3550   Lasers, Raman
  • 140.3560   Lasers, ring
  • 140.3570   Lasers, single-mode
  • 140.3580   Lasers, solid-state
  • 140.3590   Lasers, titanium
  • 140.3600   Lasers, tunable
  • 140.3610   Lasers, ultraviolet
  • 140.3613   Lasers, upconversion
  • 140.3615   Lasers, ytterbium
  • 140.3945   Microcavities
  • 140.3948   Microcavity devices
  • 140.4050   Mode-locked lasers
  • 140.4130   Molecular gas lasers
  • 140.4480   Optical amplifiers
  • 140.4780   Optical resonators
  • 140.5560   Pumping
  • 140.5680   Rare earth and transition metal solid-state lasers
  • 140.5960   Semiconductor lasers
  • 140.5965   Semiconductor lasers, quantum cascade
  • 140.6630   Superradiance, superfluorescence
  • 140.6810   Thermal effects
  • 140.7010   Laser trapping
  • 140.7090   Ultrafast lasers
  • 140.7215   Undulator radiation
  • 140.7240   UV, EUV, and X-ray lasers
  • 140.7260   Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
  • 140.7270   Vertical emitting lasers
  • 140.7300   Visible lasers
  •  
  • 150.0150   Machine vision 
  • 150.0155   Machine vision optics
  • 150.1135   Algorithms
  • 150.1488   Calibration
  • 150.1708   Color inspection
  • 150.1835   Defect understanding
  • 150.2945   Illumination design
  • 150.2950   Illumination
  • 150.3040   Industrial inspection
  • 150.3045   Industrial optical metrology
  • 150.4065   Vision processor architecture
  • 150.4232   Multisensor methods
  • 150.4620   Optical flow
  • 150.5495   Process monitoring and control
  • 150.5670   Range finding
  • 150.5758   Robotic and machine control
  • 150.6044   Smart cameras
  • 150.6910   Three-dimensional sensing
  •  
  • 160.0160   Materials 
  • 160.1050   Acousto-optical materials
  • 160.1190   Anisotropic optical materials
  • 160.1245   Artificially engineered materials
  • 160.1435   Biomaterials
  • 160.1585   Chiral media
  • 160.1890   Detector materials
  • 160.2100   Electro-optical materials
  • 160.2120   Elements
  • 160.2220   Defect-center materials
  • 160.2260   Ferroelectrics
  • 160.2290   Fiber materials
  • 160.2540   Fluorescent and luminescent materials
  • 160.2710   Inhomogeneous optical media
  • 160.2750   Glass and other amorphous materials
  • 160.2900   Optical storage materials
  • 160.3130   Integrated optics materials
  • 160.3220   Ionic crystals
  • 160.3380   Laser materials
  • 160.3710   Liquid crystals
  • 160.3730   Lithium niobate
  • 160.3820   Magneto-optical materials
  • 160.3900   Metals
  • 160.3918   Metamaterials
  • 160.4236   Nanomaterials
  • 160.4330   Nonlinear optical materials
  • 160.4670   Optical materials
  • 160.4760   Optical properties
  • 160.4890   Organic materials
  • 160.5140   Photoconductive materials
  • 160.5293   Photonic bandgap materials
  • 160.5298   Photonic crystals
  • 160.5320   Photorefractive materials
  • 160.5335   Photosensitive materials
  • 160.5470   Polymers
  • 160.5690   Rare-earth-doped materials
  • 160.6000   Semiconductor materials
  • 160.6030   Silica
  • 160.6060   Solgel
  • 160.6840   Thermo-optical materials
  • 160.6990   Transition-metal-doped materials
  •  
  • 170.0170   Medical optics and biotechnology 
  • 170.0110   Imaging systems
  • 170.0180   Microscopy
  • 170.1020   Ablation of tissue
  • 170.1065   Acousto-optics
  • 170.1420   Biology
  • 170.1460   Blood gas monitoring
  • 170.1470   Blood or tissue constituent monitoring
  • 170.1530   Cell analysis
  • 170.1580   Chemometrics
  • 170.1610   Clinical applications
  • 170.1630   Coded aperture imaging
  • 170.1650   Coherence imaging
  • 170.1790   Confocal microscopy
  • 170.1850   Dentistry
  • 170.1870   Dermatology
  • 170.2150   Endoscopic imaging
  • 170.2520   Fluorescence microscopy
  • 170.2655   Functional monitoring and imaging
  • 170.2670   Gamma ray imaging
  • 170.2680   Gastrointestinal
  • 170.2945   Illumination design
  • 170.3010   Image reconstruction techniques
  • 170.3340   Laser Doppler velocimetry
  • 170.3650   Lifetime-based sensing
  • 170.3660   Light propagation in tissues
  • 170.3830   Mammography
  • 170.3880   Medical and biological imaging
  • 170.3890   Medical optics instrumentation
  • 170.4090   Modulation techniques
  • 170.4440   ObGyn
  • 170.4460   Ophthalmic optics and devices
  • 170.4470   Ophthalmology
  • 170.4500   Optical coherence tomography
  • 170.4520   Optical confinement and manipulation
  • 170.4580   Optical diagnostics for medicine
  • 170.4730   Optical pathology
  • 170.4940   Otolaryngology
  • 170.5120   Photoacoustic imaging
  • 170.5180   Photodynamic therapy
  • 170.5270   Photon density waves
  • 170.5280   Photon migration
  • 170.5380   Physiology
  • 170.5660   Raman spectroscopy
  • 170.5755   Retina scanning
  • 170.5810   Scanning microscopy
  • 170.6280   Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
  • 170.6480   Spectroscopy, speckle
  • 170.6510   Spectroscopy, tissue diagnostics
  • 170.6795   Terahertz imaging
  • 170.6900   Three-dimensional microscopy
  • 170.6920   Time-resolved imaging
  • 170.6930   Tissue
  • 170.6935   Tissue characterization
  • 170.6940   Tissue welding
  • 170.6960   Tomography
  • 170.7050   Turbid media
  • 170.7160   Ultrafast technology
  • 170.7170   Ultrasound
  • 170.7180   Ultrasound diagnostics
  • 170.7230   Urology
  • 170.7440   X-ray imaging
  •  
  • 180.0180   Microscopy 
  • 180.1655   Coherence tomography
  • 180.1790   Confocal microscopy
  • 180.2520   Fluorescence microscopy
  • 180.3170   Interference microscopy
  • 180.4243   Near-field microscopy
  • 180.4315   Nonlinear microscopy
  • 180.5655   Raman microscopy
  • 180.5810   Scanning microscopy
  • 180.6900   Three-dimensional microscopy
  • 180.7460   X-ray microscopy
  •  
  • 190.0190   Nonlinear optics 
  • 190.1450   Bistability
  • 190.1900   Diagnostic applications of nonlinear optics
  • 190.2055   Dynamic gratings
  • 190.2620   Harmonic generation and mixing
  • 190.2640   Stimulated scattering, modulation, etc.
  • 190.3100   Instabilities and chaos
  • 190.3270   Kerr effect
  • 190.3970   Microparticle nonlinear optics
  • 190.4160   Multiharmonic generation
  • 190.4180   Multiphoton processes
  • 190.4223   Nonlinear wave mixing
  • 190.4350   Nonlinear optics at surfaces
  • 190.4360   Nonlinear optics, devices
  • 190.4370   Nonlinear optics, fibers
  • 190.4380   Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
  • 190.4390   Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
  • 190.4400   Nonlinear optics, materials
  • 190.4410   Nonlinear optics, parametric processes
  • 190.4420   Nonlinear optics, transverse effects in
  • 190.4710   Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
  • 190.4720   Optical nonlinearities of condensed matter
  • 190.4870   Photothermal effects
  • 190.4970   Parametric oscillators and amplifiers
  • 190.4975   Parametric processes
  • 190.5040   Phase conjugation
  • 190.5330   Photorefractive optics
  • 190.5530   Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
  • 190.5650   Raman effect
  • 190.5890   Scattering, stimulated
  • 190.5940   Self-action effects
  • 190.5970   Semiconductor nonlinear optics including MQW
  • 190.6135   Spatial solitons
  • 190.7070   Two-wave mixing
  • 190.7110   Ultrafast nonlinear optics
  • 190.7220   Upconversion
  •  
  • 200.0200   Optics in computing 
  • 200.1130   Algebraic optical processing
  • 200.2605   Free-space optical communication
  • 200.2610   Free-space digital optics
  • 200.3050   Information processing
  • 200.3760   Logic-based optical processing
  • 200.4260   Neural networks
  • 200.4490   Optical buffers
  • 200.4540   Optical content addressable memory processors
  • 200.4560   Optical data processing
  • 200.4650   Optical interconnects
  • 200.4660   Optical logic
  • 200.4690   Morphological transformations
  • 200.4700   Optical neural systems
  • 200.4740   Optical processing
  • 200.4860   Optical vector-matrix systems
  • 200.4880   Optomechanics
  • 200.4960   Parallel processing
  • 200.6015   Signal regeneration
  • 200.6046   Smart pixel systems
  • 200.6715   Switching
  •  
  • 210.0210   Optical data storage 
  • 210.1635   Coding for optical storage
  • 210.2860   Holographic and volume memories
  • 210.3810   Magneto-optic systems
  • 210.3820   Magneto-optical materials
  • 210.4245   Near-field optical recording
  • 210.4590   Optical disks
  • 210.4680   Optical memories
  • 210.4770   Optical recording
  • 210.4810   Optical storage-recording materials
  • 210.4965   Parallel readout
  •  
  • 220.0220   Optical design and fabrication 
  • 220.1000   Aberration compensation
  • 220.1010   Aberrations (global)
  • 220.1080   Active or adaptive optics
  • 220.1140   Alignment
  • 220.1230   Apodization
  • 220.1250   Aspherics
  • 220.1770   Concentrators
  • 220.1920   Diamond machining
  • 220.2560   Propagating methods
  • 220.2740   Geometric optical design
  • 220.2945   Illumination design
  • 220.3620   Lens system design
  • 220.3630   Lenses
  • 220.3740   Lithography
  • 220.4000   Microstructure fabrication
  • 220.4241   Nanostructure fabrication
  • 220.4298   Nonimaging optics
  • 220.4610   Optical fabrication
  • 220.4830   Systems design
  • 220.4840   Testing
  • 220.4880   Optomechanics
  • 220.5450   Polishing
  •  
  • 230.0230   Optical devices 
  • 230.0040   Detectors
  • 230.0250   Optoelectronics
  • 230.1040   Acousto-optical devices
  • 230.1150   All-optical devices
  • 230.1360   Beam splitters
  • 230.1480   Bragg reflectors
  • 230.1950   Diffraction gratings
  • 230.1980   Diffusers
  • 230.2035   Dispersion compensation devices
  • 230.2090   Electro-optical devices
  • 230.2240   Faraday effect
  • 230.2285   Fiber devices and optical amplifiers
  • 230.3120   Integrated optics devices
  • 230.3205   Invisibility cloaks
  • 230.3240   Isolators
  • 230.3670   Light-emitting diodes
  • 230.3720   Liquid-crystal devices
  • 230.3750   Optical logic devices
  • 230.3810   Magneto-optic systems
  • 230.3990   Micro-optical devices
  • 230.4000   Microstructure fabrication
  • 230.4040   Mirrors
  • 230.4110   Modulators
  • 230.4170   Multilayers
  • 230.4205   Multiple quantum well (MQW) modulators
  • 230.4320   Nonlinear optical devices
  • 230.4480   Optical amplifiers
  • 230.4555   Coupled resonators
  • 230.4685   Optical microelectromechanical devices
  • 230.4910   Oscillators
  • 230.5160   Photodetectors
  • 230.5170   Photodiodes
  • 230.5298   Photonic crystals
  • 230.5440   Polarization-selective devices
  • 230.5480   Prisms
  • 230.5590   Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices
  • 230.5750   Resonators
  • 230.6046   Smart pixel systems
  • 230.6080   Sources
  • 230.6120   Spatial light modulators
  • 230.7020   Traveling-wave devices
  • 230.7370   Waveguides
  • 230.7380   Waveguides, channeled
  • 230.7390   Waveguides, planar
  • 230.7400   Waveguides, slab
  • 230.7405   Wavelength conversion devices
  • 230.7408   Wavelength filtering devices
  •  
  • 240.0240   Optics at surfaces 
  • 240.0310   Thin films
  • 240.1485   Buried interfaces
  • 240.2130   Ellipsometry and polarimetry
  • 240.3695   Linear and nonlinear light scattering from surfaces
  • 240.3990   Micro-optical devices
  • 240.4350   Nonlinear optics at surfaces
  • 240.5420   Polaritons
  • 240.5440   Polarization-selective devices
  • 240.5450   Polishing
  • 240.5698   Reflectance anisotropy spectroscopy
  • 240.5770   Roughness
  • 240.6380   Spectroscopy, modulation
  • 240.6490   Spectroscopy, surface
  • 240.6645   Surface differential reflectance
  • 240.6648   Surface dynamics
  • 240.6670   Surface photochemistry
  • 240.6675   Surface photoemission and photoelectron spectroscopy
  • 240.6680   Surface plasmons
  • 240.6690   Surface waves
  • 240.6695   Surface-enhanced Raman scattering
  • 240.6700   Surfaces
  • 240.7040   Tunneling
  •  
  • 250.0250   Optoelectronics 
  • 250.0040   Detectors
  • 250.1345   Avalanche photodiodes (APDs)
  • 250.1500   Cathodoluminescence
  • 250.2080   Polymer active devices
  • 250.3140   Integrated optoelectronic circuits
  • 250.3680   Light-emitting polymers
  • 250.3750   Optical logic devices
  • 250.4110   Modulators
  • 250.4390   Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
  • 250.4480   Optical amplifiers
  • 250.4745   Optical processing devices
  • 250.5230   Photoluminescence
  • 250.5300   Photonic integrated circuits
  • 250.5403   Plasmonics
  • 250.5460   Polymer waveguides
  • 250.5530   Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
  • 250.5590   Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices
  • 250.5960   Semiconductor lasers
  • 250.5980   Semiconductor optical amplifiers
  • 250.6715   Switching
  • 250.7260   Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
  • 250.7270   Vertical emitting lasers
  • 250.7360   Waveguide modulators
  •  
  • 260.0260   Physical optics 
  • 260.1180   Crystal optics
  • 260.1440   Birefringence
  • 260.1560   Chemiluminescence
  • 260.1960   Diffraction theory
  • 260.2030   Dispersion
  • 260.2065   Effective medium theory
  • 260.2110   Electromagnetic optics
  • 260.2130   Ellipsometry and polarimetry
  • 260.2160   Energy transfer
  • 260.2510   Fluorescence
  • 260.2710   Inhomogeneous optical media
  • 260.3060   Infrared
  • 260.3090   Infrared, far
  • 260.3160   Interference
  • 260.3230   Ionization
  • 260.3800   Luminescence
  • 260.3910   Metal optics
  • 260.5130   Photochemistry
  • 260.5150   Photoconductivity
  • 260.5210   Photoionization
  • 260.5430   Polarization
  • 260.5740   Resonance
  • 260.5950   Self-focusing
  • 260.6042   Singular optics
  • 260.6048   Soft x-rays
  • 260.6580   Stark effect
  • 260.6970   Total internal reflection
  • 260.7120   Ultrafast phenomena
  • 260.7190   Ultraviolet
  • 260.7200   Ultraviolet, extreme
  • 260.7210   Ultraviolet, vacuum
  • 260.7490   Zeeman effect
  •  
  • 270.0270   Quantum optics 
  • 270.1670   Coherent optical effects
  • 270.2500   Fluctuations, relaxations, and noise
  • 270.3100   Instabilities and chaos
  • 270.3430   Laser theory
  • 270.4180   Multiphoton processes
  • 270.5290   Photon statistics
  • 270.5530   Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
  • 270.5565   Quantum communications
  • 270.5568   Quantum cryptography
  • 270.5570   Quantum detectors
  • 270.5580   Quantum electrodynamics
  • 270.5585   Quantum information and processing
  • 270.6570   Squeezed states
  • 270.6620   Strong-field processes
  • 270.6630   Superradiance, superfluorescence
  •  
  • 280.0280   Remote sensing and sensors 
  • 280.1100   Aerosol detection
  • 280.1120   Air pollution monitoring
  • 280.1310   Atmospheric scattering
  • 280.1350   Backscattering
  • 280.1355   Bathymetry
  • 280.1415   Biological sensing and sensors
  • 280.1545   Chemical analysis
  • 280.1740   Combustion diagnostics
  • 280.1910   DIAL, differential absorption lidar
  • 280.2470   Flames
  • 280.2490   Flow diagnostics
  • 280.3340   Laser Doppler velocimetry
  • 280.3375   Laser induced ultrasonics
  • 280.3400   Laser range finder
  • 280.3420   Laser sensors
  • 280.3640   Lidar
  • 280.4750   Optical processing of radar images
  • 280.4788   Optical sensing and sensors
  • 280.4991   Passive remote sensing
  • 280.5110   Phased-array radar
  • 280.5395   Plasma diagnostics
  • 280.5475   Pressure measurement
  • 280.5600   Radar
  • 280.5715   Refractivity profiles
  • 280.6730   Synthetic aperture radar
  • 280.6780   Temperature
  • 280.7060   Turbulence
  • 280.7250   Velocimetry
  •  
  • 290.0290   Scattering 
  • 290.1090   Aerosol and cloud effects
  • 290.1310   Atmospheric scattering
  • 290.1350   Backscattering
  • 290.1483   BSDF, BRDF, and BTDF
  • 290.1990   Diffusion
  • 290.2200   Extinction
  • 290.2558   Forward scattering
  • 290.2648   Stray light
  • 290.2745   Ghost reflections
  • 290.3030   Index measurements
  • 290.3200   Inverse scattering
  • 290.3700   Linewidth
  • 290.3770   Long-wave scattering
  • 290.4020   Mie theory
  • 290.4210   Multiple scattering
  • 290.5820   Scattering measurements
  • 290.5825   Scattering theory
  • 290.5830   Scattering, Brillouin
  • 290.5835   Scattering, Harvey
  • 290.5838   Scattering, in-field
  • 290.5839   Scattering, invisibility
  • 290.5840   Scattering, molecules
  • 290.5845   Scattering, out-of-field
  • 290.5850   Scattering, particles
  • 290.5855   Scattering, polarization
  • 290.5860   Scattering, Raman
  • 290.5870   Scattering, Rayleigh
  • 290.5880   Scattering, rough surfaces
  • 290.5890   Scattering, stimulated
  • 290.5900   Scattering, stimulated Brillouin
  • 290.5910   Scattering, stimulated Raman
  • 290.5930   Scintillation
  • 290.6815   Thermal emission
  • 290.7050   Turbid media
  •  
  • 300.0300   Spectroscopy 
  • 300.1030   Absorption
  • 300.2140   Emission
  • 300.2530   Fluorescence, laser-induced
  • 300.2570   Four-wave mixing
  • 300.3700   Linewidth
  • 300.6075   Sonoluminescence
  • 300.6170   Spectra
  • 300.6190   Spectrometers
  • 300.6210   Spectroscopy, atomic
  • 300.6220   Spectroscopy, beam foil
  • 300.6230   Spectroscopy, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering
  • 300.6240   Spectroscopy, coherent transient
  • 300.6250   Spectroscopy, condensed matter
  • 300.6260   Spectroscopy, diode lasers
  • 300.6270   Spectroscopy, far infrared
  • 300.6280   Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
  • 300.6290   Spectroscopy, four-wave mixing
  • 300.6300   Spectroscopy, Fourier transforms
  • 300.6310   Spectroscopy, heterodyne
  • 300.6320   Spectroscopy, high-resolution
  • 300.6330   Spectroscopy, inelastic scattering including Raman
  • 300.6340   Spectroscopy, infrared
  • 300.6350   Spectroscopy, ionization
  • 300.6360   Spectroscopy, laser
  • 300.6365   Spectroscopy, laser induced breakdown
  • 300.6370   Spectroscopy, microwave
  • 300.6380   Spectroscopy, modulation
  • 300.6390   Spectroscopy, molecular
  • 300.6400   Spectroscopy, molecular beam
  • 300.6410   Spectroscopy, multiphoton
  • 300.6420   Spectroscopy, nonlinear
  • 300.6430   Spectroscopy, photothermal
  • 300.6440   Spectroscopy, optogalvanic
  • 300.6450   Spectroscopy, Raman
  • 300.6460   Spectroscopy, saturation
  • 300.6470   Spectroscopy, semiconductors
  • 300.6480   Spectroscopy, speckle
  • 300.6490   Spectroscopy, surface
  • 300.6495   Spectroscopy, terahertz
  • 300.6500   Spectroscopy, time-resolved
  • 300.6520   Spectroscopy, trapped ion
  • 300.6530   Spectroscopy, ultrafast
  • 300.6540   Spectroscopy, ultraviolet
  • 300.6550   Spectroscopy, visible
  • 300.6560   Spectroscopy, x-ray
  •  
  • 310.0310   Thin films 
  • 310.1210   Antireflection coatings
  • 310.1515   Protective coatings
  • 310.1620   Interference coatings
  • 310.1860   Deposition and fabrication
  • 310.2785   Guided wave applications
  • 310.2790   Guided waves
  • 310.3840   Materials and process characterization
  • 310.3915   Metallic, opaque, and absorbing coatings
  • 310.4165   Multilayer design
  • 310.4925   Other properties (stress, chemical, etc.)
  • 310.5448   Polarization, other optical properties
  • 310.5696   Refinement and synthesis methods
  • 310.6188   Spectral properties
  • 310.6628   Subwavelength structures, nanostructures
  • 310.6805   Theory and design
  • 310.6845   Thin film devices and applications
  • 310.6860   Thin films, optical properties
  • 310.6870   Thin films, other properties
  • 310.7005   Transparent conductive coatings
  •  
  • 320.0320   Ultrafast optics 
  • 320.1590   Chirping
  • 320.2250   Femtosecond phenomena
  • 320.3980   Microsecond phenomena
  • 320.4240   Nanosecond phenomena
  • 320.5390   Picosecond phenomena
  • 320.5520   Pulse compression
  • 320.5540   Pulse shaping
  • 320.5550   Pulses
  • 320.6629   Supercontinuum generation
  • 320.7080   Ultrafast devices
  • 320.7085   Ultrafast information processing
  • 320.7090   Ultrafast lasers
  • 320.7100   Ultrafast measurements
  • 320.7110   Ultrafast nonlinear optics
  • 320.7120   Ultrafast phenomena
  • 320.7130   Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors
  • 320.7140   Ultrafast processes in fibers
  • 320.7150   Ultrafast spectroscopy
  • 320.7160   Ultrafast technology
  •  
  • 330.0330   Vision, color, and visual optics 
  • 330.1070   Vision - acuity
  • 330.1400   Vision - binocular and stereopsis
  • 330.1690   Color
  • 330.1710   Color, measurement
  • 330.1715   Color, rendering and metamerism
  • 330.1720   Color vision
  • 330.1730   Colorimetry
  • 330.1800   Vision - contrast sensitivity
  • 330.1880   Detection
  • 330.2210   Vision - eye movements
  • 330.3350   Vision - laser damage
  • 330.3790   Low vision
  • 330.3795   Low-vision optics
  • 330.4060   Vision modeling
  • 330.4150   Motion detection
  • 330.4270   Vision system neurophysiology
  • 330.4300   Vision system - noninvasive assessment
  • 330.4460   Ophthalmic optics and devices
  • 330.4595   Optical effects on vision
  • 330.4875   Optics of physiological systems
  • 330.5000   Vision - patterns and recognition
  • 330.5020   Perception psychology
  • 330.5310   Vision - photoreceptors
  • 330.5370   Physiological optics
  • 330.5380   Physiology
  • 330.5510   Psychophysics
  • 330.6100   Spatial discrimination
  • 330.6110   Spatial filtering
  • 330.6130   Spatial resolution
  • 330.6180   Spectral discrimination
  • 330.6790   Temporal discrimination
  • 330.7310   Vision
  • 330.7320   Vision adaptation
  • 330.7321   Vision coupled optical systems
  • 330.7322   Visual optics, accommodation
  • 330.7323   Visual optics, aging changes
  • 330.7324   Visual optics, comparative animal models
  • 330.7325   Visual optics, metrology
  • 330.7326   Visual optics, modeling
  • 330.7327   Visual optics, ophthalmic instrumentation
  • 330.7328   Visual optics, ophthalmic appliances
  • 330.7329   Visual optics, pathology
  • 330.7331   Visual optics, receptor optics
  • 330.7333   Visual optics, refractive anomalies
  • 330.7335   Visual optics, refractive surgery
  • 330.7338   Visually coupled optical systems
  •  
  • 340.0340   X-ray optics 
  • 340.1365   Bending magnet radiation
  • 340.6720   Synchrotron radiation
  • 340.7215   Undulator radiation
  • 340.7430   X-ray coded apertures
  • 340.7440   X-ray imaging
  • 340.7450   X-ray interferometry
  • 340.7460   X-ray microscopy
  • 340.7470   X-ray mirrors
  • 340.7480   X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV)
  •  
  • 350.0350   Other areas of optics 
  • 350.1260   Astronomical optics
  • 350.1270   Astronomy and astrophysics
  • 350.1370   Berry's phase
  • 350.1820   Damage
  • 350.2450   Filters, absorption
  • 350.2460   Filters, interference
  • 350.2660   Fusion
  • 350.2770   Gratings
  • 350.3250   Isotope separation
  • 350.3390   Laser materials processing
  • 350.3450   Laser-induced chemistry
  • 350.3618   Left-handed materials
  • 350.3850   Materials processing
  • 350.3950   Micro-optics
  • 350.4010   Microwaves
  • 350.4238   Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
  • 350.4600   Optical engineering
  • 350.4800   Optical standards and testing
  • 350.4855   Optical tweezers or optical manipulation
  • 350.4990   Particles
  • 350.5030   Phase
  • 350.5130   Photochemistry
  • 350.5340   Photothermal effects
  • 350.5400   Plasmas
  • 350.5500   Propagation
  • 350.5610   Radiation
  • 350.5720   Relativity
  • 350.5730   Resolution
  • 350.6050   Solar energy
  • 350.6090   Space optics
  • 350.6670   Surface photochemistry
  • 350.6830   Thermal lensing
  • 350.6980   Transforms
  • 350.7420   Waves