• High Power Laser Science and Engineering
  • Vol. 6, Issue 2, 02000e37 (2018)
Lan Zhang1, Feilu Wang1、2、3、*, Xiangxiang Xue1, Dawei Yuan1, Huigang Wei1, and Gang Zhao1、2
Author Affiliations
  • 1Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China
  • 2School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408, China
  • 3Graduate School of China Academy of Engineering Physics, Beijing 100196, China
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    We present a parameter estimate for continua, and He-like triplets of the high resolution X-ray spectra with a Bayesian inference and a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) tool. The method is applied for Vela X-1 with three different orbital phases ($\unicode[STIX]{x1D719}$), Eclipse, $\unicode[STIX]{x1D719}=0.25$, and $\unicode[STIX]{x1D719}=0.5$, which are adopted from the Chandra High-Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (HETGS). A parameterized two-component power-law model [Sako et al., Astrophys. J. 525, 921 (1999)] and a multi-Gaussian model are applied to model these continua and He-like triplets, respectively. A uniform distribution over each parameter is used as the prior belief. Posterior probability distribution functions of parameters and the covariances among them are explored by using the MCMC method. The main advantages are (i) all model-based parameters are set to be free instead of artificially fixing some of the parameters during the data-model fitting; (ii) the contributions from satellite lines are considered; (iii) backgrounds are treated as a correction to the observation errors; and (iv) the confidence interval of each parameter is given. The fitted results show that the column density of scatter component ($N_{\text{H}}^{\text{scat}}$) varies from phase to phase, which imply a non-spherical structure of the stellar wind in Vela X-1. Moreover, the wind velocities derived from main lines of each set of He-like triplets show better self-consistency than those in previous publications, which could provide a reliable approach for the diagnostics of photoionized plasma in astrophysical objects and the laboratory.
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    Lan Zhang, Feilu Wang, Xiangxiang Xue, Dawei Yuan, Huigang Wei, Gang Zhao. Physical parameter estimation with MCMC from observations of Vela X-1[J]. High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 2018, 6(2): 02000e37
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    Received: Nov. 28, 2017
    Accepted: Mar. 6, 2018
    Published Online: Jul. 4, 2018
    The Author Email: Feilu Wang (wfl@bao.ac.cn)